Civil Engineering Interview Questions

Here is the list of some common interview questions asked by civil engineering companies. These should help civil engineers to prepare for their interview:

Structural Analysis

These are the common structural analysis related questions asked in civil engineering interview:

  • What do you meant by buckling or crippling load?
  • What is meant by slenderness ratio? State its effect on design of compression members?
  • Define specific yield and specific retention?
  • Shear force and BM diagrams for diverse kinds of loadings on beams

Mechanics of structures

  • State the differences between bending moment and twisting moment.
  • State the differences between mild steel and HYSD bars
  • State the differences between proof resilience and modulus of resilience
  • Define strain energy.

Reinforced Concrete Structures

  • Define pre stressed concrete? State its ingredients.
  • What is meant by 53 stand for in 53-grade cement?
  • Explain how to construct a 25 storey building with no columns?
  • State the loads to be taken into account for the design of bridges?
  • State the differences between pre-tensioning and post-tensioning
  • Define L/D ratio of a cantilever beam?
  • What is the type of Idukki dam? Explain its details and peculiarity.


  • Explain the process of leveling Theodolite.
  • State the advantages of electronic theodolite over transit theodolite.
  • State the standard lengths of chains utilized in surveying.
  • Define Benchmark. Explain the types.

Geotechnical engineering

  • Define geosynthetics? List its applications in civil engineering field
  • What is meant by 80/100 bitumen?
  • Which is widely utilized-bitumen or tar? Why?
  • List the safety measures to be taken for construction in marshy soil?
  • Explain the relation between submerged unit weight and submerged weight?
  • Name the various kinds of foundations adopted for different soils?
  • Define differential settlement?
  • Explain the significance of Attenbug’s limits in soil engineering.
  • State the differences between activity and sensitivity of soils.
  • State the differences between soil stabilization and ground improvement.
  • How does machine foundation different from an normal foundation?
  • Explain the permanent solution applied for the restoration of leaning Tower of Pisa?

Engineering Geology

  • Define Littoral Drift.
  • State the differences between folds and faults.

Transportation Engineering

  • Define camber.
  • Define cutback bitumen? State its special usages.
  • Illustrate a typical C.S. of a permanent way.
  • What is meant by IRC?
  • State angularity number and provide practical applications.
  • What substances as ballast would you suggest for a high speed track? Give reasons.

Fluid mechanics

  • Define spillway?
  • Define total energy line?
  • What is meant by flow net? Explain its uses
  • Why isn’t a venturimeter utilized widely for measurement of discharge in houses?
  • Define critical hydraulic gradient?
    State the differences between weir, notch and barrage

Environmental Engineering

  • State the differences between slow and rapid sand filters.
  • Define super chlorination?
  • Define canopy?
  • State the differences between BOD and COD.
  • Differentiate between Advanced Construction and Construction Technology.
  • Define batching? State the differences between volume and weight batching.
  • Explain the process of underwater concreting.
  • Name the forces involved in underwater construction.
  • What do 20 stand for in M20 mix concrete?

Building materials and Construction

These are the common building materials and construction related questions asked in civil engineering interview:

  • Name the dimensions of the standard brick?
  • What is meant by thin shell roofs? Why is its popularity increasing?
  • What are the different kinds of retaining walls.

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