Roles of construction professionals in monitoring of a construction project


A construction project is a result of various data and outlines from various experts. If these plans are retained and that these data and designs are to be clung to, the support of their makers, producers and planners are required.

The Architect

As indicated by Bamisile (2004), the architecture  ought to visit site occasionally for investigations to guarantee that when all is said in done, the work being completed nearby is in consistence with structural plans and determinations.

Building engineer Consultants

Bamisile (2004) noticed that amid the construction stage, engineers (geotechnical, electrical and mechanical, and structural) ought to visit the site consistently for investigations to guarantee that when all is completed it is in consistence with their building drawings, calendars and detail.

A Structural Engineer has to be highly careful with the checking and guaranteeing that the outline (basic) execution criteria are met in the development strategies and materials. Thus, the mechanical and electrical engineer has to closely monitor the sort and methods for introducing mechanical and electrical installments in order to guarantee that it consents to their outlines and details.

The Builder

The central responsibility of a builder in any construction development venture is Building Production Management. An indispensable piece of administration is checking. The builder ought to be worried with checking and assessing the development projects and extends. He ought to have the capacity to apply the diverse checking procedures to accomplish the projects in time.  A builder has to be completely mindful and identifiable with the distinctive construction development experts and their comparing contract files and documents so that their usage can be intricately checked.

The Quantity Surveyor

A Quantity Surveyor is strongly concerned with the amounts and cost related in a construction development projects. As a cost master, the Quantity Surveyor controls and monitoes the cost of each parts of a development extends. He does this so that the aggregate cost of the construction does not surpass the evaluated cost.

Regions of monitoring

A construction project is viewed as fruitful in the event that it addresses characterized needs to the required standard (quality) inside the time and cost spending plan. These parameters – quality, cost and time are very important and ought to in this manner be observed as they characterize the achievement level of any construction project.

  1. Quality

For checking of value to be efficient, it has to be measured against a standard. The Project Quality Management Plan serves as a standard against which the nature of a construction projects can be assessed. Quality in a construction project relies on upon a scope of factors and includes a greater number more than the basic parameters, for example, the visible standard of finishes, basic soundness, or making of segments fit inside close tolerances. The monitoring of quality ought to include every one of the viewpoints by which a construction project is judged including spatial  plan, flow, proficiency, aesthetic(s), adaptability and additionally its useful capacity as an atmosphere modifier and as a reasonable structure.

Other than the Project Quality Management Plan, contract and employment details additionally give a paradigm by which to survey and guarantee the nature of a construction project.

  1. Cost

For control and checking purposes, the intricate cost calculation ought to be changed over to a construction spending plan, and the venture spending plan is utilized along these lines as a guide for administration. The point by point cost gauge ought to give a benchmark to the appraisal of money related execution amid a construction project. Costs over the span of the project ought to be recorded in particular employment cost records and this ought to be contrasted and the first definite cost estimates. At the point when the cost are inside the detailed cost assessment, the cost and fund of a construction project is thought to be checked and under control.

  1. Time

Construction development normally includes a due date for work finishing, so construction administrators and managers must drive thoughtfulness regarding time. Ffor the most part, a postponement in construction leads to extra expenses because of office inhabitance and different variables. The term of exercises should consequently be checked and contrasted with expected spans so that the venture is finished inside the time required.

Observing Techniques

The technique for guaranteeing that a precise check is kept upon advance in a construction projects is vital, depending as it does upon incessant examinations between works done and program. Such examinations can be made in a straightforward visual way, in order to toss into noticeable quality any difference between the two by plotting the advance on the construction program (Bamisile, 2004).

As per Olorunoje et al (2004), checking apparatuses will include recording procedures, for example, the utilization of system charts like:

  1. Gantt outline
  2. Critical path analysis or Arrow diagram
  3. Progress curves

Before any of the above checking methods can be actualized to monitor a project effective, careful information of the whole work connected with the construction project must be known. This leads us to the idea of Work Breakdown Structure.

 

  1. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

As indicated by Payne et al (1996), a Work Breakdown Structure gives a judicious subdivision of the work in various leveled shape down to the most reduced level of discrete work bundles from which evaluations of assets prerequisites, term, linkages and expenses can be resolved. From the Work Breakdown Structure, a rundown of exercises and antecedent exercises can be created for the motivations behind system investigation, from which projects and charts flow.

  1. The Gantt Chart

This is a straightforward and compelling method for representing advancement or status of a whole project or its individual status. A Gantt diagram, otherwise called a bar chart, graphically depicts a projects comprising of a very much characterized accumulation of activities and tasks, the fulfillment of which denote its end. An action is an undertaking or firmly related gathering of assignments whose execution adds to finishing of the general project.

The Gantt outline is by and large sorted out so that all exercises are recorded in a section at the left half of the chart. An even time scale stretches out to one side of the rundown, with a line relating to every action on the rundown. A bar speaking to the length of every action is drawn between its relating planned begin and complete circumstances along its even line (Barrie et al, 2006).

Gantt diagrams can be altered with a specific end goal to demonstrate arranged advance and to report advance. As per Barrie et al (2006), so as to report advance, a parallel bar is at times set beneath the arrangement bar, and it is at first left open. At that point, as the employment advances, it is shaded in direct extent to the physical work finished on the action.

The Gantt graph is a powerful approach to screen the span and cost connected with a development extend. A specimen of the Gantt outline is contained in the informative supplement.

  1. The Critical Path Method (CPM)

The Critical Path Method is the orderly representation of a projectby method for a graph called arrange portraying the grouping and exchange of different parts/units that go to shape the project.

As per Arora et al (2005), the Critical Path Method is movement and activity based. This does not assess the vulnerabilities required in the estimation of time for the execution of an action. The circumstances are identified with expenses. The exercises are representing to by arrows. These arrows are associated all together of arrangement of operations. The hubs which speak to occasions are connected to the start and end of every arrow.

The Critical Path Method gives an intense method for archiving and conveying venture arrangements, timetables and execution to chiefs. It likewise distinguishes the most basic components in the venture calendar and in this manner, permits administration to set needs and center consideration around them (Barrie et al, 2006).

  1. Progress Curves

Advance curves, additionally called S cuves, graphically plot some measure of combined advance on the vertical axis against time on the even axis. Advancement can be measured regarding cash used, amount reviews of work set up, worker hours expanded, or some other measure which bodes well (Barrie et al, 2006); and this can be communicated either as far as genuine units (naira, cubic meters, and so forth) or as a rate of the assessed add up to amount to be measured.

Progress curves can express a few parts of venture arrangements. Once the venture is in progress, real advance can be plotted and contrasted and that which was plotted. It is then conceivable to make projections in view of the slant of the genuine advance bend, (Barrie et al, 2006).